Pacemaker Implantation

General Information

The heart has a natural pacemaker and an electrical system that directs the heart muscle to beat. Sometimes problems can arise either in the pacemaker or with this electrical system that can cause the heart to beat too slowly or stop. So a mechanical permanent pacemaker needs to be inserted to take over the deficient natural electrical source.

A pacemaker that is implanted to replace your natural system is made up of a pulse generator that lies under the skin just below the collarbone (usually) and 1 to 3 leads that arise from the pulse generator and go into the heart. The leads transmit the electrical impulses from the pulse generator to the heart muscle causing it to beat.

  • Professor Sanders says...

    Atrial fibrillation is a consequence of several reversible risk factors - high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, sleep apnoea, and excessive alcohol. Your management of atrial fibrillation must include strict control of these risk factors.